About Belarus

Republic of Belarus: geography

updated on 20/06/2011

The Republic of Belarus is located in Eastern Europe and borders on Poland in the west, on Lithuania and Latvia – in the north-west, on Russia – on the north-east and east and on Ukraine – on the south. The country border is 2969 kilometers long and stretches mainly along plains, which contributes to the development of highways and economic relations.

As a matter of fact the Belarusian scientists have proven that the geographical center of Europe is located in Belarus, near Sho Lake, Polotsk Area. Today the boundaries of Europe are measured by the Arctic Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean and the Black Seas and the crossroads if these four spots is in Belarus.

The Republic of Belarus is located in Eastern Europe and borders on Poland in the west, on Lithuania and Latvia – in the north-west, on Russia – on the north-east and east and on Ukraine – on the south. The country border is 2969 kilometers long and stretches mainly along plains, which contributes to the development of highways and economic relations. The shortest way from central and eastern regions of Russia crosses Belarus and also the way from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea. Vilnius is 185 kilometers away from Minsk – the capital of the Republic of Belarus, Riga - 470 km, Warsaw – 550 km, Kiev – 580 km, Moscow – 700, Berlin – 1060 km.

Typical countryside view of Belarus

Belarus has no mountains and is very flat

The territory of Belarus is 207.6 thousand square kilometers large and it is very compact. It stretches for 650 kilometers from the west to the east and for 560 kilometers from the north to the south. The country is the 13th largest European state, e.g. it is 3 times as large as Lithuania and 2.2 times as large as Hungary. According to the 2009 census, the population of Belarus amounts to 9.489m people with the representatives of over 100 nationalities residing in its territory. The majority of the population is the Belarusians, and the minorities include Russians, Poles, Ukrainians and others. The main religions are the Russian Orthodox and Roman Catholic Christianity, the minor religions are also followed.  

Belarus in general has a plain and hilly relief and is on average 160 meters above the sea level, its highest spot reaching as high as 345 meters. The plain relief is convenient for the population settlement, farming, the construction of industrial enterprises and provision of tourism and recreation services.

Belarus is divided into 6 regions (oblast) and 118 districts. The centers of the six regions are Minsk, Vitebsk, Mogilev, Gomel, Brest and Grodno. Minsk is the capital of the Republic of Belarus with its population of about 1.86m people.

Belarus climate is moderately continental with well-defined cold winter and warm summer. The local time is GMT +2.

In spite of many wars in its territory, Belarus has preserved the old ambience – medieval castles, tiny village churches, ancient pagan mounds, cool forests untouched by man, crystal clear rivers and lakes. This all is about Belarus. The old and the modern, the traditions and culture of the East and the West have intertwined here. As a result, the Belarusians live side by side with other nations in harmony.

The Belarusians have always been very hospitable and there is something to be discovered here for every traveler. You might be a history lover or an adventurer fond of active sports – your trip to Belarus will be an experience…


Questions are welcome!

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